NEWS

Our 2020 programme is listed below, but is very much being affected by the restrictions from COVID 19 Virus which is affecting so many. Please refer to the programme updates.

Please note more contact email links to many Numismatic Contacts including dealers auctioneers etc have just been added to our ‘Links to other Societies’ three bar icon at the top of the page. Many have been supportive of the Society in the past.  

From April our new venue will be Christ’s Church URC 164 New London Road Chelmsford CM2 OAW. It is just down the road from the Museum. There is plenty of parking. There will be coffee, tea and biscuits available at the meetings (including our new venue). A prize raffle is now held at most of our meetings.

Please look up our ‘Essex Numismatic Society’ ‘Facebook’ Page and check us out. Join in the discussion.


NEXT MEETING

Our meeting due on Friday 23rd October has now been cancelled as Government Covid 19 restrictions continue. 

Please keep updated through posts here.  

Essex Numismatic Society Meetings

Meetings are held on the 4th Friday of every month at Christ’s Church URC 164 New London Road, Chelmsford, CM2 0AW. . Doors open at 7:30 for 8pm start. A member of staff on duty to admit anyone who is late. So please arrive in good time. 

(Caesaromagus) The Journal of the Essex Numismatic Society

Not long after the founding of the Society in 1966 a regular Journal was started for the publication of articles from members and friends. Now, as we approach our Winter 2020 edition (129) it has been decided, when convenient, to move the Journal to a digital format. It has yet to be decided if a number of printed editions will continue for those who prefer it.

Below is an article with an Essex theme from one of our loyal contributors, our Hon President and Editor of Caesaromagus Mike Cuddeford. The second article is from Bob Thomas our past Secretary.

A Unique Coin of Carausius from Essex (Caesaromagus No 125 Winter 2018)

The coin detailed here was found earlier this year at a location in the Uttlesford District of Essex. It is of some interest as this note sets out to explain.
It is a copper-alloy Radiate struck by the Emperor Carausius and although a substantial piece is missing, enough diagnostic detail remains for a reasonable assessment to be made. It was struck by Carausius, but in the name of Diocletian. The obverse features a Radiate bust facing right with the legend (-)DIOCLETIANVSAVG. The reverse depicts Spes advancing left and is inscribed SP(ES)PVBLIC. The reverse field letters are SP and there is a letter 'C' in the exergue. Only one coin is known with this reverse type, but not in combination with this obverse legend (pers. comm. Sam Moorhead) Thus it is a unique coin.
Precisely why Carausius chose to strike coins in the name of his Imperial rival is unclear, but it is most likely that, at least early on, he hoped for an accommodation with Diocletian and his colleague Maximianus. One of the most iconic coins of Carausius' copper-alloy series has an obverse depicting all three of their jugate busts and the legend CARAVSIUS ET FRATRES SVI, the reverse depicting Pax, a sentiment clearly not shared by his rivals!
The location of the mint signature 'C' is unknown. It has been suggested Roman Colchester, either in its British persona as Camulodunum, or its Roman one as Colonia Claudia. Another contender is Clausentium, on the coast near Southampton and possibly connected with the fleet under Carausius' command. Clausentium was reinforced with new walls at around the time of Carausius' reign along with neighbouring Porchester, so it may well have taken on some new significance, making a mint with a navel associations a real possibility.
Given the condition in which it was found, somewhat encrusted and with a large section missing, it would have been easy to have dismissed it as of little interest. Fortunately its significance was noted and the coin duly conserved and recorded. It has now been donated to the British Museum.

The recent Finds of Two Late Coins of London From the Long Cross Series in the Name of Henry III

Bob Thomas

When Ron Churchill and I wrote our book on the Brussels Hoard and the Long Cross Coinage in the name of Henry III (Churchill & Thomas 2012) we covered the whole series, even though the later coins were struck after the Brussels Hoard was finally sealed and lost to the original owners. We emphasised the rarity of some of the later classes especially those of classes 6 and 7 where metal detector finds have added to the numbers of coins of class 7 in particular which have been noted even though, thus far, they have not added to the styles which are known. No more full coins of class 6 for Renaud of London have been discovered although a collector in the middle west of England has recently acquired a cut half thought to have been found by a detectorist (the cut half in image 1) Interestingly this is not from the same obverse die as the full coin shown in the book (ibid p.49, Fig, 58). It is to all intents and purposed of the same design as the earlier full London coin and the obverse is very similar to that appearing on the coins from the Bury St Edmunds mint which were found in the Colchester Hoard of 1969 (Archibald & Cook 2001) 

In October 2017 another detectorist found, in an Essex field North of Harlow, Essex, the (full coin illustrated here in image 2). This coin has now been acquired by the author of this paper and as you can see it is somewhat dark and the reverse legend is double struck, but I am confident it reads REN/AVD/ONL/VND. The bust on the other hand is clear and well struck and from the image it is equally clear the eyes have similarities with those from the class 6 coin whilst the rest of the obverse design is closer to the London busts from class 7. I am, therefore, suggesting it should be included in class 7 as an addition to the two basic types so far mentioned (Churchill & Thomas, p.298). The coin weighs 1.25 grams, a little light but not unduly so for the time.

The question now arises as to where this coin should be placed in any dating sequence. Archibald and Cool, citing Brand, suggested a 1268/78 time slot for the Bury St Edmunds class 6 coins (Archibald & Cook 2001, pp 85 & 87), which is without doubt in light of current knowledge too wide with the earlier years being far too soon. Allen mentions a date of ‘about’ 1275 for classes 5i and 6 (Allen forthcoming). Class 6 was probably a very short-lived issue as a fore-runner of class 7 so it is likely that the full coin shown (below) was struck no earlier than 1275 and, certainly, no later that 1278.

The coins of Roger le Assaur who was appointed at the Canterbury Mint on 1272 to follow John Digge are something of a red herring as the dates during which he struck his coins of class 5b are not known with any certainty. However, his issue was probably both small and of brief duration, possibly over a shorter period than is suggested by the dates allotted to his tenure. There are, after all, only three surviving examples which have been located to date, all in recent times. He was granted his die for life in 1275 and it is possible he did not start working until after that time, as the only known evidence is of modest activity at the Canterbury Mint between December 1272 and June 1274 until it reopened in April 1278, when it is known it was using existing dies to produce 5h coins over a six to eight-month period.

There is no doubt about it that Renaud was a prolific striker of coins in his time, most of which were too late to be included in Brussels which contained just 126 out of a total for 5g of 2616 coins listed. This was, however, a peaceful time in England and there was no major reason for coins to be hoarded in this short period not being recovered when they were called in to be replaced by the new coins of Edward I. What we have been seeing in recent years is by courtesy of the detectorists who have been unearthing single finds in droves on sites associated with late 13th Century fairs. markets and other active trading sites. Without doubt, however, these later coins from classes 6 and 7 were not around long enough to be hoarded and/or lost in any numbers which is why they remain so elusive at the present time. 

Bibliography

Allen, M (forthcoming): Medieval European Coinage, vol 8 The British Isles 1066-1279

Archibald, MM. & Cook, BJ., 2001 The Colchester Hoard 1969 in English Medieval Coin Hoards. 1: Cross and Crosslet, Short Cross and Long Cross Hoards, British Museum Occasional Paper No. 87. (London)    

Churchill, R. and Thomas, B. 2012: The Brussels Hoard of 1908: The Long Cross Coinage of Henry III. (London)

Acknowledgements:     

I am most grateful for the owner of the (cut half coin image 1) for allowing me to reproduce the image here. 

(Addendum) There has been a subsequent coin find after this article was published. 

Caesaromagus back copies. Please use the link ‘About the Society and Museum‘ to see further information on back numbers and where complete runs of the Essex Numismatic Society Journal are held.

Programme for 2020

January 24thShort Talk followed by Exchange & MartTitle 'An unexpected find'
February 28th53rd Anniversary and 14th Ivan Buck Memorial Lecture.

Anja Rohde
A further look at Norman Coins. Normal meeting to be preceded by a Committee Meeting at 6.30pm)
March 27thGraham WarboysThis meeting was cancelled
April 24thAGM plus Annual Exhibition for the HVH Everitt Trophy and voting for the Caesaromagus cup.This meeting was cancelled. The AGM will take place at the first convenient opportunity.
May 22ndJohn Sadler'Some of my Prize-Guys' PLEASE NOTE THIS MEETING IS CANCELLED
June 26thSophie Flynn

Essex Finds Liaison officer
'Some recent detector finds' THIS MEETING IS CANCELLED
July 24thHarold Mernick'A closer look at Coins in Jewellery'
(Normal meeting to be preceded by a Committee Meeting at 6.30pm) THIS MEETING IS NOW CANCELLED
August 28thShort Talks by Members.Title and speakers TBC
(This meeting has now been cancelled).
September 25thTim Millet speaker cancelled'Engraved Coins' This planned meeting has now been cancelled
October 23rdAnnual AuctionSadly this meeting has now been cancelled
November 27thGary Oddie'Boy Bishop Tokens'
(Normal meeting to be preceded by a Committee Meeting at 6.30pm)
December Date TBCChristmas Supper the Baker Arms, Stock (TBC)

Buying, selling or swapping of coins between members guests and visitors is encouraged at meetings, but dealing shall not take place during the formal part of the meeting.

Officers and Committee

President: Mike Cuddeford

Chairman: G.Warboys

Hon. Secretary: R.M.Barrett 01279 814216 (Leave a message on the answer machine if no reply) email:- info@essexcoins.org.uk

Hon. Treasurer: R.Hudson

Webmaster: R.M.Barrett

Committee: C.Geddes, M.Pallett, K.Till

Hon Life Members: M.Anderson, A.J.Holmes, Mrs A.Cullum, Mrs P.Buck, M.Cuddeford, R.I.Thomas, Mrs J.Seaman, R.M.Barrett

Collecting interests of the members are wide ranging and include:-

  • Ancient Coins
  • Roman Coins
  • Hammered Coins
  • Modern Coins
  • Foreign Coins
  • Tokens of all types
  • Tickets, Passes and Checks
  • Medals
  • Banknotes
  • Bank and Credit cards

There is no need to be an expert to join the Society, on the contrary, newcomers and those just interested in finding out more are very welcome.

Annual Membership £15. Guests and Visitors £2.